Body composition is a primary factor that contributes to optimal athletic performance. Body composition can influence an athlete's speed, endurance, power, strength, agility, and appearance.
Some sports dictate that athletes make changes in body weight and composition that may not be best for the individual athlete. Athletes who participate in weight-class sports—such as wrestling or crew may be required to lose or gain weight to qualify for a specific weight category. Athletes who participate in body-conscious sports, such as dance, gymnastics, figure skating, or diving, may be pressured to lose weight and body fat to have a lean physique, although their current weight for health and performance is appropriate. Extreme energy, macronutrient and caloric restrictions produces loss of both muscle and fat mass which may adversely influence an athlete's performance.
Individualized assessment of an athlete's body composition is advantageous for the improvement of athletic performance. Age, sex, genetics, and the specificity of the sport are factors that impact each athlete's body composition. An optimal competitive body composition should be determined when an athlete is healthy and performing at his or her best. We believe in a periodized approach to not only training but nutrition. Whether your goal is to complete an Ironman, compete on a bodybuilding stage, want to perform optimally on the field or court or just look good on the beach nutrition is pinnacle.